Online Garden Plantings

Border for garden soil types

Your border for garden style is not only governed by its orientation regards to the sun, but also the soil type it will be situated in. If you want your border for garden choice to thrive, take note of these soil explanations.


Feels sticky and is lumpy when very wet and becomes very hard when dry. It drains poorly, and has
very few air spaces. It takes longer to warm up in spring, and is heavy to dig and clings to spade or fork.


This is free-draining soil which feels gritty to the touch and warms up quickly in spring. It is easy to dig
over and dries out rapidly. It often lacks key nutrients, and those added are easily washed through the
soil in wet weather .


This soil type feels smooth  to the touch;, it is well-drained and retains moisture better than sandy soil.
It is much easier to dig over than clay soil and richer in nutrients than sandy soil. The soil structure is
weak and easily compacted but heavier than sand. Can be a very good growing medium if well managed.


A peaty soil contains a high proportion of organic matter  because the soil’s acidic nature inhibits decomposition,  ,but this can lead to a lack of  nutrients. It appears dark in colour and warms up quickly in spring. I
t is very water retentive and may require extra drainage. Very good for plant growth if  an organic fertiliser
is added.


A chalky soil is usually stony and free draining and often overlays chalk or limestone bedrock. It’s lack
of certain minerals and high alkaline nature can cause poor plant growth and yellowing of leaves but
this can easily be remedied by adding well rotted organic matter.


Often described as the perfect soil. Loamy soil has good structure and drains well. It is full of nutrients and
is easy to dig over but not fine like sand . It warms quickly in spring but retains moisture well in summer.